Refrigeration Guidelines on How to Ship Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

How to Safely Transport Fruits and Vegetables With Reefers (Refrigeration for Shipping)

Welcome to our guide on how to keep fruit and vegetables fresh during transportation! In this blog, we'll share easy tips for refrigerating them just right. Learn how to make your produce last longer and stay delicious. Let's get started on keeping things crisp and tasty.

Ensuring the optimal reefer container temperature for fruits and vegetables is crucial for maintaining freshness during transit. The vegetable room temperature in a ship must be carefully regulated to prevent spoilage. Understanding how to transport fresh vegetables involves meticulous planning and monitoring of conditions. Successful transportation of vegetables and fruits relies on maintaining a consistent reefer container temperature for vegetables. Efficient fruit and vegetable transportation requires attention to detail, ensuring that the produce arrives in peak condition.

Tips for Choosing the Right Containers for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Keeping your fruits and veggies fresh starts with the right storage containers. Here's a simple guide:

1. Cleanliness of containers: Keeping containers clean is very important for making sure that the things we ship stay safe and in good condition. Before we put anything in the containers, it's a good idea to vacuum, sweep, or wash them with water under pressure. This helps get rid of any dirt and stops pests from getting inside. When moving containers, it's best to avoid scraping them on the ground to prevent picking up more dirt. After cleaning, it's smart to check if there's anything left inside that could cause problems. Doing regular cleaning using the right cleaning stuff and keeping records of it is a good way to make sure everything stays clean and meets the standards for shipping things internationally. This helps keep our shipped goods safe and reliable.

2. Damage of container - inner/outer: While selecting the right containers for fresh fruits and vegetables is crucial, it's equally important to consider potential damage to both the inner and outer aspects of the chosen containers. Inner damage, such as improper lining or inadequate cushioning, can lead to the bruising or spoilage of delicate produce during transit. On the other hand, assessing the outer structure is essential to ensuring containers can withstand stacking and transportation without compromising the integrity of the fruits and vegetables inside. Opting for containers with reinforced exteriors and proper ventilation features can contribute to the overall protection of the product. It's advisable to choose containers that strike a balance between durability and ventilation, safeguarding the freshness and quality of the fruits and vegetables throughout the shipping journey.

3. Temperature system working fine or not: Checking if the temperature system works well is super important when picking containers for perishable goods. You want to make sure the system can keep the right reefer container temperature for fruits and vegetables to keep them fresh during transportation. This complex supply chain process involves the transportation and storage of temperature-sensitive goods under controlled conditions. Choosing containers with good temperature control, like refrigeration or insulation, is a smart move. Regular checks and monitoring help make sure the temperature stays right, preventing the fruits and vegetables from spoiling during transport.

4. Precooling and stuffing: When choosing containers for fresh fruits and vegetables, two important things to consider are precooling and efficient stuffing. Precooling means quickly cooling the produce before loading it into containers. This helps slow down ripening and keeps the fruits and veggies fresh during transportation. Different methods, like forced-air cooling or hydro-cooling, can be used for this. Efficient stuffing involves arranging the produce carefully in the container to use space well and prevent damage during transit. Proper stacking and using the right packaging materials help minimize movement and bruising. Good spacing and ventilation also prevent heat and moisture buildup, which can spoil the produce. So, precooling and efficient stuffing are key to keeping fresh fruits and vegetables in top condition during the entire shipping process.

Refrigeration for Exporting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Maintaining the quality of fresh fruits and vegetables during export is crucial for delivering premium produce to global markets. This refrigeration guide outlines the key principles for storing various fruits and vegetables, ensuring they withstand the journey and reach their destination in optimal condition. From apples to zucchinis, discover the essential steps to refrigerate produce for export, preserving freshness and flavor across borders. Let's explore the fundamentals of refrigeration to enhance the quality and marketability of exported fruits and vegetables.

Refrigeration Guidelines for Exported Fresh Produce: Recommended Storage Conditions

Product Temperature °C Ventilation setting CMH
Apples -1 to +4 10 to 60
Bananas (green) +13 to +14 25 to 60
Beans (Green, snap) +4 to +7 20 to 30
Cabbage (early crop) 0 20 to 60
Cabbage (late crop) 0 20 to 60
Coconuts 0 to +2 0 to 25
Grapefruit +10 to +15 15 to 50
Grapes -1 to 0 10 to 15
Mandarin Oranges +4 to +8 15 to 25
Mangoes +10 to +14 25 to 30
Onion (dry) 0 to +2 10 to 15
Oranges (various) +2 to +10 15 to 25
Pineapples +8 to +12 15 to 25
Potatoes (table) +4 to +8 +32 to +54
Tomatoes +7 to +15 15 to 30

Monitoring and Maintenance fresh fruits and vegetable for exports

Exporting fresh fruits and vegetables from India to other countries involves some important steps. Now let’s see a few steps to monitoring and maintaining these perishables for successful international exports.

Temperature Control:

Keep fruits and vegetables at the right temperature from start to finish. Use good refrigeration during transport and storage.

Smart Storage:

Find smart ways to store them to avoid damage and keep them fresh. Use special storage rooms with the right conditions.

Quality Checks:

Check the quality often, especially while packing and moving. Fix any problems quickly to keep everything fresh.

Good Packaging:

Use good packing to protect them from harm. Try different packing materials to see what works best.

Tracking Tech:

Use technology to follow their journey. Track where they are and how they're doing in real-time.

Clean and Safe:

Keep everything clean during handling and transportation. Make sure storage areas and trucks are clean.


Exporting fresh fruits and vegetables needs careful attention. By following these guidelines, you can improve the quality and attractiveness of your produce in global markets. Whether it's picking the right containers or keeping an eye on the export process, these tips will help you succeed in international trade.

Join hands with Citrus Freight for a partnership built on trust, efficiency, and a commitment to excellence. Our dedicated team is ready to assist you at every step, making your perishable goods exports a smooth and successful venture.