Step by Step Guide on How to Export Banana From India

Step by Step Guide on How to Export Banana From India

Welcome, dear readers! If you've ever wondered about the ins and outs of exporting bananas from India, you're in the right place. Banana export companies in India are making strides in the global market, particularly with its Cavendish banana exports. As one of the biggest banana exporters, these Cavendish banana exporters in India are renowned for their high standards and quality. The banana export business in India is booming, by setting benchmarks for others mirroring as a largest exporter of bananas. Top banana exporters in India, especially those from Maharashtra, are gaining recognition as fresh banana exporters. The banana export from India is facilitated by export quality banana suppliers who ensure the best produce reaches international markets. For those wondering how to export bananas from India, it's a structured process involving careful selection and adherence to International quality standards.

Exploring Opportunities for Banana Export from India

Exploring export opportunities for bananas is a promising venture in the global market. With their versatility, nutritional value, and widespread popularity, bananas have become one of the most sought-after fruits worldwide.

Export Potential and Market Size from India

India's banana exports have made significant strides. In the year 2020–21, the value of exported bananas crossed Rs 616 crore. Iran, Qatar, the UAE, and Saudi Arabia are the major buyers. The journey is inspiring – from 35,000 tonnes in 2016-17 to a remarkable 19 lakh tonnes in 2020-21. Maharashtra shines here, contributing about 70% to this achievement. India stands tall as the world's biggest banana producer, sharing about 25% of the global yield. Our country also accounts for a solid 30% of the world's banana output. This, along with our strong ties to West Asia, presents an exciting chance for Indian banana exporters to grow in this region.

  Discover instant freight quotes for your perishable exports on the Citrus APP

For businesses exploring how to export bananas from India to Dubai, understanding the logistics and regulations is key. Additionally, there is substantial banana export to Iran from India. The banana business is thriving, driven by top exporters ensuring the continued success of banana exports from India.

Government Benefits and Support for Banana Exporters

When it comes to exporting bananas, the government provides valuable incentives to support your journey. These perks are designed to boost your export efforts, making the process smoother and more rewarding.

  • Duty Drawback:
    Exporting bananas not only involves sending out your delicious produce but also brings a range of benefits through government support. You're entitled to a 0.15% duty drawback, a direct addition to your account without any extra hassle. To further streamline the process, a Customs House Agent (CHA) is at your service, ensuring your shipping paperwork is managed seamlessly.
  • Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exports:
    The remission of duties and taxes on exported products provides a significant advantage of either 2% or Rs 1.2 per kg. To put this into perspective, imagine exporting goods worth Rs. 10,00,000. This could translate into a benefit of either Rs 20,000 or Rs 1.5 per kg, whichever is lower.
  • Interest Equalization Scheme on Pre & Post Shipment Export Credit:
    While the "Interest Equalization Scheme" primarily targets manufacturers and not merchant exporters, its impact is noteworthy. If you secure a loan at a 10% interest rate, the government steps in to cover a substantial 5% of that interest. This translates to you paying only the remaining 5% interest, thereby easing the financial strain on your export venture.
  • Transport and Marketing Assistance Benefits:
    The "Transport and Marketing Assistance" (TMA) scheme focuses on extending support to specific agricultural products. Its goal is to offer assistance for the international leg of freight and the marketing process of agricultural goods. This assistance is aimed at offsetting the challenges posed by elevated transportation costs for the export of designated agricultural products, often attributed to factors like trans-shipment. Additionally, the scheme aims to foster the recognition of Indian agricultural products' brand identity in designated overseas markets.

Geographical Advantages

India proudly holds the title of the world's largest banana producer. Export of banana from India includes major regions like Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, with banana exporters in Mumbai playing a crucial role. The banana export company in Maharashtra is noted for its significant contributions to banana export from Maharashtra. This accomplishment showcases the country's impressive ability to grow large amounts of bananas, solidifying its role as a major player in the global banana market. Interestingly, Iran stands out as a noteworthy importer of Indian bananas.

What adds an intriguing twist to this export story is India's geographical proximity to Iran. This closeness gives India a strategic advantage for exporting bananas. It means that Indian bananas can swiftly make their way to Iranian, Saudi Arabian, and Iraqi markets in just 7 to 11 days. This quick journey is not only important for keeping the bananas fresh, but it also speeds up their availability in foreign markets.

Banana Export Process, Citrus Freight

Sourcing Banana for Export

If you're new to exporting, don't stress; finding banana suppliers for international markets is pretty doable. You've got some choices to consider. Let's start by looking at the main places where bananas are grown.

Identifying Top Banana-Producing States

Certain Indian states are known for producing export-quality bananas. They are considered prime sources for this fruit.

  • Tamil Nadu
  • Maharashtra
  • Karnataka

Finding Reliable Banana Suppliers

When entering the international banana export market, selecting the right partners and building dependable supplier relationships are paramount. Ensuring the success of your venture hinges on working with trusted banana suppliers. Consider the following key factors as you embark on this journey:

  • Quality of Banana Products:
    To thrive in global markets, prioritizing banana quality is non-negotiable. Collaborate with established suppliers to consistently deliver top-tier bananas. Implement stringent quality control procedures to maintain a reputation for excellence in your export offerings.
  • Supply Capacity:
    Satisfying the demand for bananas abroad requires a reliable and consistent supply. Forge partnerships with diverse suppliers to secure a stable stream of bananas. Avoid overdependence on a single supplier to mitigate potential risks and disruptions.
  • Financial Stability and Support:
    Partner with suppliers who possess the financial capacity to handle substantial export transactions. Seek out suppliers who offer favorable credit terms, allowing for smooth operations and timely payments. Exploring financing options can further bolster your export endeavors, ensuring you're well-prepared to seize growth opportunities.

At Citrus Freight, we facilitate connections with reputable banana suppliers, all while charging 0% commission. This empowers you to achieve profitability and sustainable growth in the dynamic export market.

Producer Aspect: Farming, Cleaning, and Packaging

  • Farming/Harvesting: Time the harvest carefully to ensure bananas are at the right level of ripeness. Proper harvesting helps extend their shelf life during transit.
  • Cleaning Process: Wash and clean bananas gently to remove dirt, residues, and impurities from the surface. Ensure they are fully dried before proceeding.
  • Quality Inspection: Conduct a thorough quality check to remove any fruits with blemishes, spots, or signs of damage that could affect their export value.
  • Packaging Considerations: In polyethylene bags and boxes, appropriate packaging plays a crucial role in maintaining the quality and appearance of bananas during transit.
  • Polyethylene Bags: Use high-quality polyethylene bags to individually wrap each bunch of bananas. This helps protect them from physical damage, prevents premature ripening, and minimizes bruising.
  • Bunch Size and Arrangement: Organize bananas into well-sized bunches, ensuring they are uniform and intact. This promotes better packing efficiency and reduces the risk of damage.
  • Packing Boxes: Place the wrapped bunches in sturdy, ventilated cardboard boxes. Ensure proper cushioning and spacing to prevent friction and bruising during transit.

Setting Up Logistics for Successful Exports

To ensure your bananas are delivered in the best condition possible, it's important to have a well-organized logistics setup for exporting them. Here are some tips to help you set up your logistics game for success.

Choosing a Competent Freight Forwarder

When it comes to shipping perishable goods like bananas, choosing the right freight forwarder can make a significant difference. To help you find the perfect fit, here's a brief guide:

  • Perishable Proficiency: Look for a forwarder with experience handling delicate goods, especially fruits. Their expertise will ensure that your bananas remain fresh and undamaged during transportation.
  • Efficient Team: Choose a forwarder with a capable team that guarantees timely shipments and streamlined logistics for your banana orders.
  • Customer-Centric Approach: Opt for a forwarder that prioritizes your requirements. They should be able to offer valuable insights and assist you in navigating the intricacies of banana shipping.
  • Fast Quotes, Excellent Service: Seek a forwarder that provides prompt, accurate pricing along with exceptional service. This way, your bananas will be in capable hands.
  • Robust Online Reputation: A forwarder with positive online feedback signifies their reliability and credibility. Banana Logistics is a leader in this field. With our proficiency in perishable logistics, skilled professionals, quick quotes, and reliable guidance, we're ready to elevate your banana export endeavor.

Establishing a Transparent Pricing System

After organizing your suppliers and logistics, it's vital to establish an efficient system that enables you to promptly offer CIF (Cost, Insurance, Freight) quotes to potential buyers. Consider leveraging the Citrus app, providing instant CIF quotes and real-time vessel schedules to streamline the process of finalizing deals. Remember, a transparent pricing strategy not only enhances competitiveness but also cultivates buyer trust, increasing the likelihood of them opting for your products over alternatives.

Role of Reefer Containers and Cold Storage

Reefer containers and cold storage play a vital role in exporting bananas at 13 degrees Celsius.

  • Efficient Team: Opt for a forwarder with a capable team that ensures timely
  • Temperature Control: They maintain the required temperature during transit, preserving freshness.
  • Quality Preservation: Bananas' flavor, texture, and nutritional content are protected.
  • Ripening Control: Premature ripening is prevented, ensuring optimal condition upon arrival.
  • Ethylene Management: Ethylene gas is contained, preventing the unwanted ripening of other produce.
  • Extended Shelf Life: Proper temperature control prolongs bananas' shelf life, reducing waste.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Export regulations are met by adhering to temperature standards.
  • Risk Mitigation: They minimize spoilage and economic losses, safeguarding export investments.

Citrus Freight specializes in perishable logistics. Easily access rates and schedules for your shipments through our user-friendly platform. Take control of your shipment timing with our efficient cloud-based solution, ensuring the freshness of your perishable goods.

Company Setup for Export Operations

With your supply and logistics in place, it's now time to focus on your company setup. Initiating an export venture requires several essential steps. Registering your company and complying with legal regulations are crucial initial tasks that establish the groundwork for your banana export venture.

Essential Documents for Banana Export

  • Business Registration Documents: These include your company's registration certificate, memorandum of association, and articles of association.
  • Import-Export License: Obtain an Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) from the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) in India.
  • Tax Registration: Register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) with the appropriate authorities.
  • Phytosanitary Certificate:Phytosanitary Certificate is issued by the Plant Quarantine Department, this certificate verifies that your bananas comply with the importing country's plant health regulations.
  • Certificate of Origin:Certificate of Origin confirms the origin of your bananas and is usually issued by chambers of commerce.
  • APEDA/ RCMC: The RCMC (Registration Cum Membership Certificate) is issued by Indian Export Promotion Councils or Commodity Boards. It serves as evidence of your exporter’s registration with a designated council or board. This certificate is a crucial requirement for accessing various export benefits, incentives, and schemes offered by the Indian government.
  • Commercial Invoice: A commercial invoice is a detailed invoice outlining the product, quantity, price, terms, and other relevant information.
  • Packing List: Provides a breakdown of the contents and packaging details of each shipment.
  • Bill of Lading:Bill of Lading is issued by the shipping line, it serves as a receipt and contract of carriage for your bananas.
  • Testing Report: This may be required by certain markets to ensure your bananas meet specific quality and safety standards.
  • Insurance Certificate: Proof of insurance coverage for the shipment in case of loss or damage.
  • Letter of Credit (if applicable): A financial document ensuring payment to the exporter from the importer's bank.
  • Customs Declaration: Required for the accurate assessment of duties and taxes.
  • Export Inspection Agency (EIA) Certification (if applicable): Ensures your bananas meet quality standards set by the importing country.
  • Transportation Document: This could be a waybill or other documents that provide details about the movement of goods.

Other Applicable Documents: Depending on the destination country, you may need additional certifications, licenses, or permits.

Top Banana-Importing Countries from India

Here is a list of the top banana-importing countries from India:

  • Iran
  • UAE
  • Oman
  • Iraq
  • Bangladesh
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Nepal

Strategies to Find and Connect with International Buyers

The process of identifying international buyers for your banana export business involves comprehensive market research, networking, attending trade fairs, and utilizing online platforms. Finding buyers who align with your product and quality standards is essential.

Pro Tips for Establishing Strong Buyer Relationships

Enhance your buyer search with effective marketing and promotional strategies. Here are three key steps to take:

  • Invest in SEO: Boost your online visibility in the global market by investing in search engine optimization (SEO).
  • Build a Strong Brand: From the outset, focus on building a strong brand presence, especially on social media platforms.
  • Leverage CHAs: Collaborate with Custom House Agents (CHAs), who can connect you with potential buyers through their extensive networks.


The journey of exporting bananas offers significant opportunities to tap into the global market demand. By understanding benefits, sourcing strategies, logistics, and buyer connections, exporters can navigate this venture successfully.

At Citrus Freight, our reliable ocean freight services cater to perishable exporters like you, ensuring seamless transportation worldwide. With an extensive network of over 100 fleet locations in India, we are committed to supporting your banana export endeavors.

Our app is an added advantage, linking you to a wide range of reputable banana suppliers. This simplifies the process of identifying suitable suppliers and obtaining competitive price quotes, making it easier for you to source high-quality products effortlessly.


1. Which countries import bananas from India?

India's delicious bananas are making their way to tables around the world. From the vibrant markets of the United Arab Emirates to homes in the United Kingdom, our high-quality Cavendish bananas are a favorite among fruit enthusiasts. With a focus on freshness and flavor, our bananas have become a staple in households in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and beyond. We are proud to contribute to the global fruit market, providing the finest bananas to meet the demand for premium-quality produce.

2. What varieties of bananas are best for export?

For export, Cavendish bananas stand out as the preferred choice. Renowned for their consistent taste, texture, and extended shelf life, Cavendish bananas dominate the global export market. This variety is well-suited for international trade due to its resilience during transportation and the ability to maintain quality upon arrival. Did you know? Cavendish bananas make up a whopping 99% of all bananas shipped globally. So, if you're in the banana export game, going with Cavendish ensures you're offering what people everywhere already adore.

3. Which documents required for banana export?

Exporting bananas requires a few key documents to ensure a smooth process. The commercial invoice, which outlines the details of the transaction, is crucial. Additionally, a phytosanitary certificate is needed to confirm that the bananas meet health standards. The certificate of origin declares the country of origin of the bananas. A bill of lading is essential as it acknowledges the receipt of bananas for shipment. Finally, a packing list detailing the contents and packaging specifics is necessary. Explore the details and tips provided in our blog to ensure a thorough understanding of the document requirements for a successful banana export venture.

4. How are bananas packed for export?

Bananas for export are carefully packed in strong corrugated fiberboard boxes, with different sizes available to hold around 5-7 kg of bananas each. These boxes have three layers for added strength (minimum edge crush strength of 43 kgf) and 16 ventilation holes (20 mm diameter each) to ensure good air circulation. Once packed, these boxes are placed in shipping containers and sent to the departure port. This meticulous packing process safeguards the bananas' quality and freshness during their journey.