8 important things to know when exporting perishables

Important things to consider while exporting perishable goods from India to Global Markets

Welcome to our blog series dedicated to providing valuable insights into the intricate world of exporting perishable goods. As global trade continues to expand, the demand for fresh produce, seafood, and other perishable items is on the rise. However, venturing into this domain requires careful planning, meticulous execution, and an understanding of the unique challenges and considerations involved.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the essential factors that exporters must consider when dealing with perishable goods. From navigating regulatory requirements and ensuring product quality to optimizing logistics and managing risks, we'll explore key aspects that can make or break the success of your perishables export business.

8 Important Tips for Exporting Perishables

Exporting perishable goods involves shipping products with a limited shelf life, like fresh fruits, vegetables , seafood , and dairy products , across international borders. As the global demand for diverse and high-quality perishable products keeps increasing, more businesses are realizing the potential for growth through international trade in perishables.

The trend of businesses participating in international trade for perishables has been picking up speed because of different factors, including advancements in transportation and logistics, changing consumer preferences, and the growth of global supply chains. This trend brings both opportunities and challenges for businesses wanting to export perishable goods.

Now Let’s delve into 5 crucial aspects to consider when exporting perishable goods. Whether you’re shipping tropical fruits, fresh seafood, or delicate flowers, these guidelines will help ensure a smooth and successful export process:

1) Packaging and Labeling: Proper packaging is crucial to protect perishable items during transit. International shipments must comply with labeling regulations set by food safety authorities. For instance, in the EU market, carton labeling regulations require specific information such as the name and address of the packer, country of origin, and product classification. Different perishable products may require specific packaging materials and preservation methods, so understanding these requirements is essential.

2) Transportation Mode and Temperature Control: Selecting the appropriate transportation mode is critical for maintaining product quality. Whether shipping by air, sea , or land, the chosen mode must ensure optimal temperature control throughout the journey. Clear instructions should be provided regarding the required temperature range for each perishable item, and contingency plans should be in place for unexpected temperature fluctuations.

Frozen Foods: Products like seafood and ice cream require stringent temperature control. Frozen seafood, for instance, must be kept between -18 to -22 degrees Celsius, while ice cream should be maintained at -22 to -25 degrees Celsius.

Fresh Produce: Fruits, vegetables, and plants have varying temperature requirements. For instance, fruits and roots should ideally be stored between +2 to +12 degrees Celsius, while seeds require a temperature range of +2 to +8 degrees Celsius.

3) Choosing a Reliable Transportation Partner: Partnering with a reputable transportation provider is essential to upholding product quality. Assess the transporter's experience, track record, and equipment maintenance practices. Ensure they are equipped to handle emergencies, such as breakdowns or temperature deviations, effectively. For multimodal transportation, each logistics provider involved should meet the same stringent criteria.

4) Secure Payment Methods: Given the high risk associated with transporting perishable goods, secure payment methods are essential. Utilizing escrow services like Tazapay can safeguard the interests of both buyers and sellers, ensuring that payment is released only when agreed-upon conditions are met. This helps mitigate financial risks and build trust between parties.

5) Effective Communication: Clear and timely communication is paramount throughout the transportation process. Ensure all stakeholders are fully briefed on handling instructions, transit times, and any special requirements. This includes providing detailed route information, destination instructions, and product handling guidelines. Contracts should clearly outline the terms and conditions agreed upon by all parties.

6) Insurance Coverage: Given the inherent risks involved in transporting perishable goods, obtaining comprehensive insurance coverage is essential. This provides financial protection in the event of spoilage or damage during transit. Prioritize insurance policies that specifically cover perishable cargo to mitigate potential losses.

7) Prohibition List and Declaration: It's essential to be aware of prohibited items and adhere to declaration requirements. Certain perishable goods may be restricted or prohibited from international express services. Ensure accurate and clear declarations to avoid procedural issues during customs clearance.

8) Required Documents: Proper documentation is crucial for customs clearance. Ensure all necessary documents, including commercial invoices and certificates of origin , are in order. Compliance with governmental regulations and tax requirements is essential for successful customs clearance.

Citrus Freight's Commitment to Temperature-Controlled Perishable Goods Transportation

Citrus Freight stands out in the realm of perishable goods transportation with the Ocean Freight app and commitment to temperature control. With Citrus Freight, exporters can rely on cutting-edge technology and specialized expertise to ensure that their citrus products maintain freshness and quality throughout the journey. Whether it's oranges from India to Iran or lemons from South America to Europe, Citrus Freight guarantees temperature control for freshness during transit. With this assurance, exporters can confidently navigate the complexities of perishable goods transportation and deliver premium products to customers around the world.


In summary, exporting perishable goods requires careful planning and attention to key factors. By ensuring proper packaging, selecting reliable transportation, securing payment methods, communicating effectively, obtaining insurance coverage, adhering to regulations, and managing documentation, exporters can navigate the challenges and capitalize on the opportunities of the global perishables market. Following these steps helps maintain product quality, minimize risks, and build trust with partners, ultimately leading to successful exports.